|No. Of Credits
Semester and Year Offered:Semester -I (MAHM/MCPHM)
Course Coordinator and Team: Dr. Sima Yadav
Email of course coordinator:syadav[at]aud[dot]ac[dot]in
'India and the world: Through the Ages' is the foundation coursefor MAHM and MCPHM. The syllabus is a building block for the students coming from various streams. It gives necessary conceptual clarity to the tangible and intangible heritageoftheworld. The course focuses on a multidisciplinary approach and intends to help students appreciate the various aspects of world civilizations and their evolution incultural heritage, i.e., art and architecture, language and literature, religion and philosophy, science and technology. Through this course, students understand diverse world heritage from multidisciplinary perspectives. They develop an appreciation of the interrelations and connectionsbetween people and their ideas. The intention is to understand how humans perceive, relate, receive and experience the world around them through scientific knowledge and ideas.
Studying world civilizationshelpsusbetter understandHow and Why the World got to be the way it is. It gives attention to the history and heritage of nations and regions and their shared past. Studying world heritage helps students for future studies andtheir international exposure and experiences. It helps get them ready for the roles of Heritage Managers and custodians during this age of globalization.
On successful completion of the course:
Brief description of modules/ Main modules
The courseis divided into five chronological sequencesand cultural themes. The criterion for these categories is the scale in time, geographical space, and subject matter of the topics given in the syllabus.
Module I: The Beginning to the first Civilisations
Ancient civilizations refer to the first settled and stable communities that became the basis of later states, nations, and empires.These ancient civilizations were pioneers in many of today's most significant achievements. It focuses on studying the cultural legacy and geographical settings of Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indian sub-continent, China, and Minoan and Mycenaeans civilizations.
Module II: Towards Organized States and culture
It gives insightinto the study of culture's legacy and geographical settings of 'NewWorld' civilizations like Maya, Aztec, and Inca that developed in the regions of Meso- America and Latin America.
It further focuses on the development and evolution of the regions towards organized states and empires. The key areas arethe development ofthe Persian Empire,Classical Greece and Hellenistic culture, the establishment of the Roman empire in the Mediterranean world that changed the course of history.
It will focus on theevolution ofJanapada and Mahajanapadasand howthe establishment ofthe Mauryan and Kushan empires influenced South Asia and Central Asia politically and culturally.
The development of Shang, Chow, and Chin states in China and surrounding regions laid the foundation of shared heritage for the Eastern world.
Module III: Conflict and Interaction
It tells us about the breakdown of states and empires in various parts of the world.
In the west, the decline of the Roman Empire ended the ancient world, and Middle Ages were born. The west fell into turmoil; however, while much was lost, the western world still owes a debt to the Roman heritage. The key themes are the barbarian invasions and their impact on the world of the west,the emergence of the Byzantine empire, and the origin and consolidation of Christianity from ordinary people's religion to state patronaged faith and the cultural heritage associated with them.
The key theme is the study of the emergence of post-Mauryan states and the cultural heritage of India.
Module IV: The Cultural Efflorescence
The period is the golden age for India, China, and the Islamic world. The key themes are:
The emergence of the Gupta empire and post-Gupta period and the consolidation of Indian culture and traditions still influenced nearby South Asia and Southeast Asia.
In China, under the Han dynasty known for its long reign and achievements. The development of Confucianism and Buddhism as the state religion, the opening of the silk trade route to Europe permanently altered the course of Chinese history. Chinese language, art, and scientific inventions like silk, paper, glass still influence us.
In west Asia emergence of Islam has had a profound global impact since itsorigin in the seventh century. During this period, the Islamic world was the center of intellectual activities, with Baghdad serving as the capital for philosophers, mathematicians, and scientists. Many Islamic ideas and concepts spread across Asia, Africa, and Europe. Islam directly influenced society and altered the course of history and today's contemporary world developments.
In Europe, the decline of Feudalism ended the dark ages. The period marked the new burst of energy and growth through the revival of trade and towns. The period also marked the expansion of social and cultural interactions that brought new ideas and goods into Europe.
Module V: Towards the Modern World
It emphasizes the making of modern Europe throughthe Renaissance, Reformation, Counter-Reformation, and Overseas Discoveries in the West. The Renaissance is knownfor bridging the gap between Middle Ages and Modern-day civilization. It helps spread new scientific discoveries, allowing scholars and thinkers to share their works and ideas and learn from each other. These ideas and discoveries have shaped modern economies and societies. These discoveries undoubtedly changed history by opening up European imperial powers to colonize and conquer the three continents.
In west Asia, the Ottoman Empire emerged as one of the mightiest and longest-lasting dynasties in the world afterthe Roman empire. This Islamic run power ruled large parts of West Asia, Eastern Europe, and North Africa. Ottoman empire is known for its many contributions to art and culture.
In the Indian Subcontinent, the period marked the beginning of Islamic rule, which permanently influenced South Asia's social, cultural, religious, and political fabric.
Assessment Details with weightage:
Note: Additional References to Books, chapters, and Articles, audio-visual materialwill be provided during lectures.